What is eye donation ?
Eye donation is an act of charity purely for the benefit of the society and is totally voluntary. Eye donation is done after death. The eye donation of the deceased can be authorized by the next of kith & kin even in the deceased did not pledge his / her eyes before death.
What is the use of eyes received after death ?
The eyes, which are received through such magnanimous gestures, are of great benefit to the society. The front clear and transparent tissue of the eye called the cornea can be used to restore vision to corneal blind persons. The other portions of the eye are also used for training and research purposes to develop cures for some of the common eye diseases.
What is Corneal Blindness ?
The cornea is the clear tissue covering the font of the eye. It is a focusing element of the eye. Vision will be dramatically reduced or lost if the cornea becomes cloudy. This loss of vision is referred to as corneal blindness.
What causes Corneal Blindness ?
The cornea can get damaged through accidents. Children while playing with bows and arrows or sharp objects can accidentally damage their cornea. It can also happen to elders. Some of the industrial causes are chemical burns, flying debris or road accidents. The cornea can get damaged due to infections and malnutrition also.
Is there a cure for Corneal Blindness ?
Yes. Removing the damaged cornea and replacing it with a healthy cornea by surgery can cure corneal blindness. Artificial corneas have not been developed and hence the only source for cornea is from fellow human beings.
After removal of eyes would there be any complications or disfigurement ?
There are two methods adopted for removal of eyes. Some eye banks would remove the whole eye ball. In such a case there may be temporary bleeding. The team is well trained to take care of such eventualities. There would be no disfigurement. The eye bank team after removal of eyes would properly close the eyes so that there is no disfigurement. The second method is removal of only the clear transparent tissue. Here also a plastic shield is placed in place of the tissue and no difference can be noticed.
Is not eye donation against religious principles or traditions ?
All religions endorse eye donation. There are numerous examples in our traditions and scriptures which endorse eye and organ donation. A part of the body which would be consumed by flames and reduced to ashes or which is buried and allowed to decay and disintegrate cannot be put to a better use than restoring vision to the needy !!
Who can donate eyes ? Is there no age limit ?
Anybody of any age can donate eyes. Even if the deceased has medical history of hypertension, diabetes, asthma, tuberculosis etc. Even spectacle wearers and people who have undergone cataract operation can donate eyes.